Dangerous goods are very essential in everyday life. However, if not handled properly and carefully, these goods can potential pose harm to the environment, property and may even risk the life of people. This is why proper dangerous goods training must be given to all people that work with these hazardous materials.
Drivers, for example, are required to pass vocational training courses and a series of examination to be able to prove that they are competent enough in handling and transporting dangerous goods. Other personnel such as schedulers, clerks and warehouse staff have their own general awareness training in line with their roles.
The use of dangerous goods is rampant in my industries and households. The transportation of these goods to different destinations is an extensive commercial activity. With concern to dangerous goods shipment, two international organizations help oversee the safe completion of the transportation process. These are the IATA and DOT.
The IATA or International Air Transport Association regulates the conveyance of dangerous goods via aircraft. The organization has set various rules and regulations, which should be complied with by firms who airfreight various materials.
Complete adherence is a must. Likewise, the DOT or Department of Transportation also imposes statutory requirements. The DOT monitors dangerous goods transportation by road.
Requirements set by these organizational bodies have helped reduce the number of accidents in which dangerous materials are involved. By following stringent rules, companies are able to optimize the handling and shipment process of dangerous goods. Rules and regulations serve not only as precautions for the environment and the surrounding public, but also as safety measures for employees. As such, it is essential for firms to strictly abide.
Both the IATA and the DOT provide dangerous goods training to individuals who wish to delve in a career involving dangerous goods, particularly in the transportation industry. The training equips candidates with technical knowledge on dangerous goods, including their classifications and the proper way to handle certain hazardous materials.
Practical skills including emergency and first aid procedures are also taught in the training. Trainees are taught the right way to pack and store dangerous materials, how to store and handle goods correctly, and which statutory requirements apply to specific dangerous goods classifications and transportation modes. Upon completion of the training, candidates will then have to pass a set of exams to be eligible for a license or certificate issued by the IATA and/or DOT.
Dangerous goods must be handled with care and precaution. These substances have destructive properties that pose risks not only to man but also to property and the environment. The transportation of dangerous goods is a risky industry.
Henceforth, local government agencies and international organizations such as the DOT and IATA have imposed rules and regulations which also serve as a guide for firms to safety handle and transport hazardous materials. For more details on the transportation of dangerous goods, please visit http://www.llewellyneurope.com
Working in a construction industry exposes you to various risks and hazards. In the construction site, safety is one of the most important concerns that should be taken into utmost consideration.
In planning the construction project, it is vital that all employees and blue-collar workers are informed and educated about the high risks of injury and death so they understand the importance of upholding the rules. Some of these rules are requirements imposed by the law; others are common sense. Abiding by all regulations, no matter how simple, can prevent any avoidable accident.
Prevention is better than cure. Here are some precautions before one steps into the construction site:
- Donning a safety gear is a must. Every person who enters the site should wear a hardhat, eye protection glasses, gloves and proper safety footwear. Only authorised personnel should be allowed entry.
- Only competent workers should be hired.
- Workers should be in good health and proper state to assume their construction job. A sick employee is better off resting at home than risk his and others’ safety.
- If a worker has a fear of heights or suffers from anxiety or dizzy spells, he shouldn’t be put to work at high places to avoid death by falling.
- To prevent back injuries, it’s important to know the right way to lift heavy weights. If the object is too heavy, assistance must be provided.
- A construction contractor should make sure that all employees know their duties and responsibilities and understand the risks involved.
- Workers should know how and when to use the right tools. Training may be required on the usage on certain power tools.
- A worker shouldn’t be left unsupervised especially when working around heavy machinery or in dangerous areas. Construction tasks should only be undertaken when other employees are onsite.
- When working at elevated levels, safety harnesses should be worn at all times to prevent injuries or death.
- Entry should be prohibited at dangerous areas. These places should be barricaded so workers and visitors won’t enter.
- Scaffolds should be built following regulations. Secure scaffold planks properly to avoid workers from dropping heavy objects or falling off the scaffolds.
- Debris and litter should be cleared out around the base of a ladder being used. Safety feet must be attached to the legs of a ladder in use. The ladder should extend about three above the landing. Defective or unreliable ladders should be tagged and removed from the site.
- If a trench exceeds five feet, it should be sloped to prevent collapse. A worker should never go down a trench if it is not sloped.
- Air in confined spaces may be little or filled with flammable or poisonous gases. A qualified professional should test the air with a detector before anyone enters.
- Electrical flow in the construction site can possibly be not set to normal safety standards. Electrical grounding and electricity supplies should be frequently checked. When the surroundings are wet, ground fault circuit interrupters should be used to avoid electrocution. Three-pong plugs are recommended.
Stringent adherence to health and safety advisor standards and statutory regulations is vital for the construction process.
“When safety becomes the primary guideline for progress, all parties reap the rewards of a job well done and done safely.” Visit us at Llewellyn Europe
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Safety gear, for obvious reasons, should always be worn when you’re in the construction site. When performing one’s duties in the construction industry, proper and complete safety equipment is a must-have to ensure protection and safety.
Following are four (4) of the most important components of your safety gear:
1. Hard Hats
A hard hat protects a person from risks that my lead to head injuries. Hard hats work as a shield for the scalp, face, neck and shoulders. It protects from spills, drips or splashes of chemicals or liquid mixtures used in the construction site. Its rigid shell protects the head from hard blows and falling objects. It has a suspension object underneath it that serves as a shock absorber. Additionally, the right hard hat acts as an insulator against electrical shock. There are also some hard hats designed to be fitted with goggles, face shields and hoods.
According to a survey by the Bureau of Labour Statistics, most people suffering from head injuries in the construction site were those who did not wear head protection. It’s essential for employers to provide the necessary equipment to ensure the safety of the employees.
2. Safety Glasses
Safety glasses protect the eyes from splatters, dust, shrapnel and small debris. Depending on the nature of your work, safety glasses vary in style, usage and physical design. It’s important to make sure that your glasses are comfortable to wear and fit just right so it won’t obscure your work.
A survey shows there are 800,000 work-related eye injuries each year, and up to 20% of these injuries result to temporary or permanent damage. By wearing safety glasses, the risk of eye injury is reduced to up to 90%.
In tasks involving chemicals, harmful substances or risks of hand injuries, protective PPE should be worn. However, there are certain activities wherein the usage of gloves may cause injuries. Exceptions apply to tasks wherein there are high chances of gloves getting caught in machinery or in a tool. For circumstances like this, instructions should be discussed with a professional safety consultant before proceeding with the task. You may refer to OSHA Safety Training Maunal 29 CFR part 1910.138 for further details on glove usage.
4. Safety Boots
Many people in the construction sector argue whether safety boots should be worn. Some think boots can be uneasy to walk in. Steel toe boots are often considered to be uncomfortable since these don’t allow good air circulation. However, safety should always come before comfort. Most construction sites require wearing steel toe boots before granting entry or permission to work. Steel toe boots prevent injuries and protect your feet. They shield your foot from injury when you accidentally step on sharp materials and resist shock when heavy objects fall on your feet. Safety boots also protects your ankles when you walk on uneven surfaces.
These are just four of the most important items to wear when you’re in the construction site. Prevention is better than cure. Always uphold safety and protection as your social and legal obligation.
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